Dental stem cells helps patients suffering from life threatening diseases
With medical science and technology progressing, we have been witnessing a sea change in the treatment procedures which are being available currently. New researches in medical and dental sciences have brought forth how patients can benefit from numerous life threatening diseases with the help of dental stem cells obtained from their own deciduous and permanent teeth.
“The most vital benefit that dental stem cells have is their key ability of regenerating cells unlike the other conventional forms. This ability of regeneration and growth of fresh tissues and cells is the focus of the regenerative medicine which utilizes personalized therapy modules by using the patients’ own stem cells for biologically compatible treatment modalities” says Dr Binita Srivastava, Consultant Pedodontist and Dental Surgeon.
Dental stem cells are the most accessible stem cells, they are isolated from the dental pulp of healthy teeth, periodontal ligament including the apical region of developing teeth and other tooth structures. They can be specifically used for treating diseases such as alzheimer’s, parkinson’s, spinal cord injury, stroke, burns heart disease, arthritis and diabetes.
Stem cells extracted from the dental pulp of a third molar could be harvested, then directly implanted into the pulp chamber of a severely injured tooth. The goal is to regenerate the pulp inside the damaged tooth, preventing the need for endodontic treatment. Stem cells derived from the periodontal ligament may offer promise for regenerating the periodontal ligament and other supporting structures of the periodontium that have been destroyed by gingival disease, with an alternative approach to traditional clinical therapies. Tissue-engineered bone grafts will be useful for practitioners in all of the dental specialties. Future tissues may also include engineered TMJ joints and cranial sutures, which would be especially helpful to craniofacial and oral maxillofacial surgeons, Dr Srivastava added.
Meanwhile it has also been found that mesenchymal stem cells found in teeth can also be beneficial for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and the repair of motor nerves following stroke or injury. “This exciting concept of regenerative medicine holds immense promise and hence greater numbers of Indians are today being proactive in preserving their dental stem cells and as some of them say ‘a healthy future ensures a happy future’”, says Mr. Shailesh Gadre, MD, Stemade Biotech.
Diseases that can be treated with dental mesenchymal stem cells:
Type I Diabetes mellitus.
Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease.
Cardiac infarcts, cardiac failures.
Muscle damage, soft tissue reconstruction.